Solomon Islands’ robust legal framework for state-owned enterprises (SOEs) has contributed to the financial success of its largest SOEs and generated the highest portfolio returns among nine Pacific island countries, a new Asian Development Bank (ADB) report says.

Finding Balance 2023: Benchmarking Performance and Building Climate Resilience in Pacific State-Owned Enterprises compares the performance of SOEs in Fiji, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu, and tracks the progress of SOE commercialization in the region.

The report’s findings were discussed by government, business, and civil society representatives at a Finding Balance 2023 launch event in Honiara last week.

Launching of the Finding Balance 2023 Report at Heritage Park Hotel .

“Solomon Islands’ SOE framework requires SOEs to operate profitably, appoint suitably-skilled directors, and adhere to robust corporate planning and reporting standards,” ADB Pacific Liaison and Coordination Office Regional Director Shane Rosenthal said.

“This will ensure Solomon Islands’ SOEs remain on a strong financial footing in the future.”

The average returns among Solomon Islands’ 11 surveyed SOEs improved markedly from 2010, driven by improved collections, tariff setting, and the implementation of the 2007 SOE Act and its 2010 regulations. These regulations required SOEs to operate as commercial businesses.

The average return on equity for Solomon Islands’ SOEs from 2010–2020 was a Pacific-leading 10%, while the average return on assets was 7% over the same period.

Finding Balance 2023, produced by the Pacific Private Sector Development Initiative (PSDI), has a special focus on the risks posed by climate change, and how Pacific governments and state-owned utilities can manage its effects and build resilience.

The report finds that state-owned utilities that are more commercialized may be more inclined to respond to incentives to decarbonize and invest in protecting their assets. It also shows that SOEs in the Pacific have improved their returns, but are still failing to cover their cost of capital.


  • Number of SOEs: 11
  • Dominant industries: Power, aviation, ports, water
  • Book value of assets (2020): S$3.1 billion
  • SOE total fixed assets in economy (2020): 16–28%
  • Average portfolio contribution to GDP (2010–2020): 3%
  • Average return on assets (2010–2020): 7%
  • Average return on equity (2010–2020): 10%


  • The adoption of an SOE Ownership Policy in 2018, committing the government to review the rationale for SOE investments; actively explore public-private partnerships (PPPs); and strengthen SOE oversight by consolidating responsibility in the Minister of Finance.
  • The preparation of amendments to the SOE Act to strengthen governance and ownership oversight.
  • The establishment of the Solomon Islands Airport Corporation under the Companies Act and SOE Act. This is a positive step towards commercialization of Solomon Islands’ airports.
  • Reaching financial close on the country’s first large PPP project, the Tina River hydroelectric plant, in 2019.

PSDI is an ADB technical assistance program undertaken in partnership with the governments of Australia and New Zealand. PSDI supports ADB’s 14 Pacific developing member countries to improve the enabling environment for business and to achieve inclusive, private sector-led economic growth.

ADB is committed to achieving a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific, while sustaining its efforts to eradicate extreme poverty. Established in 1966, it is owned by 68 members—49 from the region.



Share This